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git cheatsheet

Create a git repository

git init


Configure git globally

git config --global set user.name "First Last"
git config --global set user.email foo@bar.com


Clone a repo using ssh (recommended for private repos)

git clone git@gitlab.com:user/repo.git

Clone using https:

git clone https://gitlab.com/user/repo.git


Fetch a remote branch

git fetch origin branchname

Push branch to the remote and create its origin

git push -u origin feature

Then, check out this branch

git checkout branchname

Rename a branch that is currently checkout out

git branch -m new_name


On a feature branch feature originating from main branch, you can rebase like

git checkout feature
git rebase main


Sometimes you stage files accidentally when they are not yet added to .gitignore. Remove those files from being tracked not deleting them:

# Folder
git rm -r --cached .idea

# File
git rm --cached .env


Reset the last 2 commits

git reset HEAD~2

Then, when you want to also revert changes of these commits (if the file existed, else it is unstaged):

# for all files    
git checkout .

# for a specific file
git checkout path/to/file


Tags are handy to mark releases of your software.

Push tags to remote

git push --tags

Delete a remote tag:

git push --delete origin tagname

Delete a tag locally:

git tag -d tagname

Make a tag

git tag tagname

remote urls

See current remote urls

git remote -v

Set a new remote url

git remote set-url origin https://gitlab.com/user/repo.git

Letztes Update: March 25, 2023
Erstellt: August 7, 2022